Bidang Kajian : Warga Emas

Pelajar/Pengkaji Oleh: Nurzaharah Binti Sajin

Alamat Emel:

Tarikh: 04/04/2015

Abstrak Kajian

Participation in leisure activity is apart of domain in Occupational Therapy Process (OTPF) second edition, (AOTA, 2002). There are several of study revealed benefits of leisure participation to well-being. Many researchers agreed that occupational engagement to older people can improve life satisfaction (Blace, 2012; Cheung et al, 2009; Silverstein & Parker, 2002; Lazar, 2000), reduce depression (Lu, 2011; M Ishikawa, 2006; Dergance, Calmbach & Dhanda,2003) and develop quality of life (Cheung et. al, 2009). It also has supported by the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), where individuals who engage in occupation may has potential to influence health and well being (Menec, 2003; Kathryn Beth Adams, 2011), as part of living and consequence to life satisfaction. Sharifah Norazizan & Tengku Aizan, (2007) stated that the increasing number of older people in Malaysia will lead to the changes in demographic patterns of the older people which had influenced their participation in everyday activities. However, Malaysian’s older people pattern of engagement in occupation is limited and diffuse especially for older people in institution. There is only a few studies had done about leisure activity among Malay elderly. According to Minhat& Amin (2012), such study is needed since this aspect never being explored among the increasing Malaysian elderly. Occupational therapy is a health profession that helps elderly people to participate in leisure activities and it is a fundamental and core tasks in occupational therapy profession. Models and speculations regarding leisure participation that was expanded in Western countries were taken by Malaysian occupational therapists. Nevertheless, the theories and models about leisure participation that were taken by Malaysia’s occupational therapist are not appropriate and reflects cultural value for Malaysia’s older peoples due to differences in cultural and personal belief (Yang et al., 2006). As a result, it will result to the lack of significant effect in applying occupational therapist treatment. This study was aim to identify factors influence, benefits, barriers and pattern of leisure participation amongst older people in institution. It is hoping that the finding from this study will enhance life satisfaction, physical health and well being, and quality of life to the older people, especially older people who are living in the institution.

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